Unique for its impressive medieval forts, churches, monuments and palaces, Dubrovnik is often called the pearl of the Adriatic. Dubrovnik is one of the cultural centres of Europe due to more than a thousand-year-old history. Initially a small community, the city flourished in no time and became the seat of the independent Republic of Dubrovnik. The Republic mastered the art of seafaring and created a fleet on the South Adriatic which could be compared to the one owned by Venice in the north. Its history is felt in the entire city, which makes it both a museum and a picturesque stage where cultural heritage and contemporary life meet. All houses and monuments have a unique value. Dubrovnik’s historic centre referred to as the Old Town or the Old City is encompassed by medieval walls, which have been preserved in their original form and open for visitors as its major attraction. In 1979, the Old Town was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site List.
One of the main reasons for visiting Dubrovnik is its warm, mild and dry Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperature is 18 degrees Celsius. Dubrovnik has around 260 sunny days per year and days without any sun are uncommon indeed.
Dubrovnik is a place of gastronomic delight, and its life in the open air and Mediterranean style are completed with rich and varied culinary choice – the recipes from the past when the time was going by more slowly. Oysters (Ostrea edulis) are cultivated in a natural way, and the taste of the sea and sea delicacies has not changed for centuries.
Dubrovnik as an excellent choice for those searching for a challenging or active holiday. Enjoy a jeep safari, horseback riding, canoe safari, kayaking, sailing to the Elafiti Islands or a visit to the national park on the island of Mljet. Do not miss the Island of Lokrum, located about 700 metres away from Dubrovnik, which is also known as the island of love. On Lokrum, discover the remains of the 12th century Benedictine Monastery, the walking path to Fort Royal, enjoy a promenade surrounded by peacocks, or sunbathe on the nudist beach.
Croatia is shaped like a horseshoe, stretching from Vukovar in the northeast, past Zagreb in the west, and to Dubrovnik in the far south. It gained most of its present-day contours at the end of the 17th century. With a surface area of 56,594 km², it is 19th among the European Union countries according to size, falling between Latvia and Slovakia. In terms of relief and climate, it is extremely diverse. The territory includes extensive plains in the continental region between the River Drava and River Sava (Slavonia), mountainous areas in the centre (Lika and Gorski Kotar), and in the west and south, a long, indented, sunny coastline with over a thousand islands (Istria and Dalmatia). Croatia belongs to the Danube Basin and the Adriatic Sea and forms the Mediterranean front of Central Europe, positioned favourably in terms of geography and communications at the meeting point of important European corridors, while its harbours are used as sea exits by the neighbouring countries to the north. Croatia is a parliamentary democracy and is organised as a unitary republic. The political system is based on the principle of the division of power into three branches: the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. Croatia is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, the NATO, and the World Trade Organization. The capital city is Zagreb. It is a political, administrative, economic and educational centre, but also the city of culture and arts. In terms of nationality, Croats comprise 90% of the population. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious confession (86%), followed by the Orthodox (4.4%; mostly Serbs, who also form the largest national minority), Muslims (1.5%) and Protestants (0.3%).
Did you know?
The neck tie (cravat), which first appeared as part of the Croatian military uniform in the form of a picturesque adornment around the necks of Croatian soldiers in the Thirty Years War, was accepted as a mark of elegance throughout the world. Thanks to the Croatian computer programmer Tomislav Uzelac, MP3 Players have become an essential part of our everyday life. Venetian explorer Marko Polo was born too early to possess such a player, but, according to some researchers, he is connected to Croatia by his family’s place of origin – the island of Korčula. The Dalmatian dog, the best known indigenous Croatian canine breed, without which the famous Disney cartoon 101 Dalmatians would never have been made, also originates from the same part of Croatia.
|Croatia in numbers|
|Total surface||87,661 km²|
|Continental surface||56,594 km²|
|Sea surface||31,067 km²|
|Population density||74.9 inhabitants per km²|
|Currency||Kuna (100 lipa)|
|Neighbouring countries||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro, Italy (sea border)|
|Time zone||Central European Time: UTC/GMT +01:00|